Stinging Nettles (Urtica dioica)

The Adventurer, Vernon Wade

Vernon was born in the Pacific Northwest and still lives in the shadow of Mt. Hood, near the small town where he grew up. Vernon has spent decades wandering the hills, hunting mushrooms, camping and riding motorcycles into the remotest nooks and crannies to be found in the region.

Stinging nettles (Urtica dioica), have serrate leaves resembling mint, arranged opposite on a square stem. Nettles can grow well over 6 feet tall. They are common along streams and rivers and damp, fertile ground throughout the United States.

thousands of tiny syringes cover the stems and the undersides of the leaves

Probably the most definitive identification can be had by the tingling prickly sting caused by tiny hairs or spicules lining the stems and the underside of the leaves. Each fragile, glass-like hollow barb is attached to a bulb filled with a witch’s brew of irritants which is injected under the skin of whatever unfortunate creature brushes against the plants. The stinging and itching can last all day, but generally subsides in about an hour. Young plants are less potent than mature nettles, but I would recommend wearing gloves if you harvest them. The stingers are rendered harmless by boiling. 

blanching nettles by boiling followed by a cold water bath.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gloves and garden nippers make harvesting stinging nettles more pleasant.

Nettles are an amazing early season foraged food source, providing protein, carbohydrates and a rich array of vitamins and minerals. Harvest them before they flower; new growth, the leaves and tender tips are edible. Blanch them to remove the stingers. They can be used in soups or as you would spinach or other stewed greens. Boiled nettles make a nutritious and refreshing tea.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mature nettles can be used for cordage and textiles. The stalk needs to be stripped of leaves and stingers, then flattened and split so the fibers inside can be worked free of the pith.

 

 

 Nutrition value per 100 g. of raw Urtica dioica (Source: USDA Nutrient Database)

Principle Nutrient Value Percent of RDA
Energy 42 Kcal 2%
Carbohydrates 7.49 g 5.75%
Protein 2.71 g 5%
Total Fat 0.11 g <1%
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Dietary Fiber 6.9 g 18%
Vitamins
Folates 14 µg 3.5%
Niacin 0.388 mg 2.4%
Pyridoxine 0.103 mg 8%
Riboflavin 0.16 mg 12%
Thiamin 0.008 mg <1%
Vitamin A 2010 IU 67%
Vitamin K 499 µg 416%
Electrolytes
Sodium 4 mg <1%
Potassium 334 mg 7%
Minerals
Calcium 481 mg 48%
Copper 0.076 mg 8.4%
Iron 1.64 mg 23%
Magnesium 57 mg 14%
Manganese 0.779 mg 34%
Phosphorus 71 mg 10%
Zinc 0.34 mg 3%
Phyto-nutrients
Carotene-ß 1150 µg
Carotene-α 114 µg
Lutein-Zeaxanthin 4180 µg

 

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